Using game theory and risk models for example. The weak point of these models is that no valid descriptions are available to predict both individual and group behavior. See for example E. Ostrom's criticism on using the prisoners dilemma model to describe the dynamics (tragedy) of the commons. Without those essential equations those exercises and computations make just as much sense as reading the tea leaves. Developing and applying these models is expensive fortune telling (divination). Their commitment by the wealthy and powerful elites also serves that purpose. See us do magic. See us make futures translucent. Hokus pocus pilatus pas. All in all a theater made up to impress people.